Chinese President Xi Jinping addresses the annual high-level general debate of the 70th session of the United Nations General Assembly at the UN headquarters in New York, the United States, Sept. 28, 2015. Photo: Xinhua
Chinese President Xi Jinping pledged to build world peace and long-standing support for the developing countries in his address to the 70th session of the United Nations General Assembly at the UN headquarters in New York on Monday.
China will be committed to peaceful development. No matter how the international landscape may evolve and how strong China may become, China will never pursue hegemony, expansion and sphere of influence, Xi said.
Pointing out that the goals of the United Nations -- peace, development, fairness, justice, democracy and freedom -- "are far from being achieved," Xi urged more efforts to better promote world peace and development in the 21st century.
"We should renew our commitment to the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, build a new type of international relations featuring win-win cooperation, and create a community of common destiny for mankind," Xi told the audience.
China will establish a 10-year, $1-billion China-UN peace and development fund to support the UN's work, advance multilateral cooperation and contribute more to world peace and development, Xi said. He also denounced the Cold War Mentality and use of force by major powers.
Xi called for more representation and voice for developing countries in the UN, especially the African countries. He promised to provide a total of $100 million of free military aid for the African Union in the next five years and set up an 8000-strong standby peacekeeping force.
He said that the world should respect history and take it as a mirror. “Remembering the history is not for bearing grudges but for drawing lessons and looking forward into the future,” said the president.
Following the tradition of being the first head of state to address the annual general debate of the UN General Assembly, Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff vowed to cut the country’s carbon emissions. Xi was the fourth speaker after the US President Barack Obama and Polish President Andrzej Duda.
It was Xi’s fifth speech at this UN General Assembly as he also addressed the Round Table on South-South Cooperation, Global Women’s Summit, Sustainable Development summit and peacekeeping summit. He also attended a leader’s luncheon on climate change.
The General Assembly is the global body that represents all 193 UN member states. It meets throughout the year and is the forum where any global issue can be discussed, including those related to international peace and security.
Each leader’s speech is restricted within 15 minutes. As an exception, Cuban leader Fidel Castro had denounced the US during the longest speech ever at the UN General Assembly — 4 hours and 29 minutes — on September 26, 1960.
And Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez has called US President George W. Bush "the devil" in a fiery speech to the General Assembly on September 20, 2006.
Former vice premier Deng Xiaoping was the first Chinese leader to address the general debate in 1974. He wowed the world by explaining the “Three Worlds Theory” developed by Chairman Mao Zedong. He said China, a developing and communist country, belonged to the Third World. The superpowers US and the Soviet Union were in the group of First World with Japan, Europe and Canada composed the Second World.